Giving the plants and garden with organic and powerful nutrient will provide the productive results. The challenge is to find the proven method to enriches soil composition. Worm casting becomes as a solution with a capability to aerates and improves overall soil structure. Moreover, it is also giving useful subsistence to the plants. Find below the guide how to use worm castings in your garden :
Worm Castings Preparation
By definition, worm castings are a natural form of fertilizer originated from earthworms. People also know as vermicast, and it is a safe and environment-friendly solution. Give you a proven process to decompose the food waste such as vegetable peelings. And then change to excellent soil conditioner.
Choose Worm Species
There is some misunderstanding for many people in term of choosing the right species. It is not as easy as go to the outside and pull some worms that can find in the garden. Only certain species that will thrive in composting bins that known as red earthworms and red wiggler. The good news is you can purchase online to get both worm species for your vermicomposting.
The population usually will double for every 90 days with adequate food and a good home. So the live composting worm that you purchased is more than enough as a starter in your composting bin. Expert advises starting with a slightly fewer worm, especially for you that relatively new. It is necessary to reduce the food scraps that put into the bin until the population increase.
Made Or Buy The Worm Bins
Don’t buy the worms online unless you have already made the containers. There is a variety available online like VermiHut 5-Tray Worm Compost Bin or Worm Factory DS5B. Make your own worm bin is also possible if you prefer. Don’t worry about the size, but for your reference, the container depth between 8 and 12 inches is suitable for this purpose.
If there is a used tube in your home, it is possible to turn it into vermicompost bin. Just remember that worm like a dark and moist condition. In the video below you can see a practical method to make it by yourself with ordinary stuff that can find in your home.
After that, the bin can be located anywhere from below the kitchen sink, in the garage or just put outside in the garden. Ideal temperature will be 40° to 80° F for the worm to be prolific. As far as you can, keep it from noise or vibration, it does not like it. Sometimes you also have to move the bin inside during the winter month to maintain an ideal temperature.
Setup Up The “Compost Shop”
One key to doing successful vermicomposting is filling the bin from one-third to one-half full. First, prepare the bedding by put shredded-newspaper, or you also can use cardboard. It is a right stuff because only need few minutes the newspaper will take up the water, and become an ideal environment for the worms that want 75 percent water.
Soak the cardboard overnight and wring it out. Make sure that it is moist but not dripping. Now, it is the time put the material into the bin along with soil, leaves, fine sand or other gritty stuff. Some people use ground egg shells. Please stay away from the thing that produces gases and will raise the temperature of the container, such as horse or chicken manure.
Put the worms in the middle of the bin, not on the top, so you need to dig down. Place the lid on the container to maintaining ideal temperature, and leave them alone about a week. After that, you can start feeding your worms with food scraps. For example fruit and vegetable peels. Avoid dairy products, bone, fish and meat scraps.
When everything is running correctly, it just needs little maintenance. Your job is just to make sure the bedding is moist, not wet and not dripping. Sometimes you need put another shredded-newspaper is the environment is too humid, or spray some water if too dry.
How To Use Worm Castings
It is a fun activity to harvest after you wait several weeks to get the result. Just dump the contents of the container to large plastic on the ground. And then you can manually separate the worm from the compost. Now, you have separate worms and the compost.
Take some compost and mix with new bedding to start new cycle process. The remaining compost is ready for application to your garden or the plant container.
There is another method to harvest the compost that most people do because more practical and comfortable. Move everything (casting, bedding, compost, food) to one side of the bin. Find some decomposed material and move to another side of the bin. Put some new food scraps on top of it, and replace the lid with the new one. In several weeks, the worms should move to the decomposed material with new food scraps. Now you can quickly harvest the compost.
Using Worm Casting
The beauty of worm casting is you can overfeed the plants, and everything is fine. There is no risk that the plant will burn because of the vermicomposting method.
A garden with 100 square feet size, you need at least 3 pounds of worm casting. And for an indoor plant, you can add worm casting during the growing season about 1/2 cup every two months. If you work in the garden, 1 to 4 inches of worm casting can be added to the land surface.